Patent Foramen Ovale: References
03/10: Khositseth, A, Cabalka, AK, Sweeney, JP, et al. Transcatheter Amplatzer device closure of atrial septal defect and patent foramen ovale in patients with presumed paradoxical embolism. Mayo Clin Proc 2004 79:35.
04/09: Hara, H, Virmani, R, Ladich, E, et al. Patent foramen ovale: current pathology, pathophysiology, and clinical status. J Am Coll Cardiol 2005 46:1768.
Wu, LA, Malouf, JF, Dearani, JA, et al. Patent foramen ovale in cryptogenic stroke: current understanding and management options. Arch Intern Med 2004 164:950.
Kerut, EK, Norfleet, WT, Plotnick, GD, Giles, TD. Patent foramen ovale: a review of associated conditions and the impact of physiological size. J Am Coll Cardiol 2001 38:613.
Hagen, PT, Scholz, DG, Edwards, WD. Incidence and size of patent foramen ovale during the first 10 decades of life: an autopsy study of 965 normal hearts. Mayo Clin Proc 1984 59:17.
Meissner, I, Whisnant, JP, Khandheria, BK, et al. Prevalence of potential risk factors for stroke assessed by transesophageal echocardiography and carotid ultrasonography: the SPARC study. Stroke Prevention: Assessment of Risk in a Community. Mayo Clin Proc 1999 74:862.
Pinto, FJ. When and how to diagnose patent foramen ovale. Heart 2005 91:438.
Kerr, AJ, Buck, T, Chia, K, et al. Transmitral Doppler: a new transthoracic contrast method for patent foramen ovale detection and quantification. J Am Coll Cardiol 2000 36:1959.
Lynch, JJ, Schuchard, GH, Gross, CM, Wann, LS. Prevalence of right-to-left atrial shunting in a healthy population: detection by Valsalva maneuver contrast echocardiography. Am J Cardiol 1984 53:1478.
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